Part 1 句子的重组
Section 1. 概述
◀️Work hard! = (You should) work hard.
第一种：破折号（~）He isversatile~He can speak seven different languages
and play piano very well.
第二种：冒号（：）He has finally made his goal known to us:he wants to
be a scientist.
◀️Gold is of much value.
其二种分号（；）He is nice;quite often he is seen helping others.
◀️He likes playing basketball.
第多样：并列连词He enjoys taking pictures,and he has decided to pursure
the art as his life career.
◀️Seeing him makes me happy.[Seeing 为动名词]
◀️To see him is my purpose to come here.[To see 为动词不定式]
第四种：副词连词He deserved our respect because he is honest.
He doesn’t work hard makes me angry.[×]
◀️That he doesn’t work hard makes me angry.[√]
◀️He doesn’t work hard, which/that makes us angry.[√]
◀️Is he happy?
◀️Whether he is happy is a problem.
第⑥种关系词He is aman who never tells lies.
◀️He plays the ball.
He laughed at the others.[√]
sing vt. 唱(歌)/vi.歌
run vt. 经营/vi. 跑步
study vt. 研究/vi. 读书
kill vt. 杀/vi. 杀戮
我 kill 他
◀️He makes the noise.[他塑造了噪声].
◀️ He laughed.[他大笑].
consider + doing 考虑做…
image + doing 想象做…
risk + doing 冒险做…
avoid + doing 避免做…
escape + doing 逃避做…
suggest + doing 建议做…
recommend + doing 建议做…
enjoy + doing 喜欢做…
resent + doing 讨厌做…
practice + doing 练习做…
mind + doing 介意做…
resist + doing 拒绝做… = refuse to do
Part 2 两句的总是格局
Section 1 并排连词
◀️Both Li and Han are good students.
◀️Either Li or Han is a good student.
◀️Neither Li nor Han is a good student.
◀️He is not a smart student but a diligent student.
not only…but also… 不仅…而且…
◀️He went to the United States not only to learn English but
also to know more about America culture.
[注意: not only…but
[注意: not only…, but
Not only he is clever, but he is also polite.[×]
◀️Not only is he clever, but he is also polite.[√]
二.as well as/rather than连词短语
as well as… 以及…
◀️You as well as Li like it.
rather than…. 而不是…
◀️He is interested in music rather than in painting.
[注意：as well as 或rather
◀️He as well as I is interested in music.[He是主语].
◀️I as well as him am interested in music.[I是主语].
as soon as 一…就…
- Because…so… [×]
Because he is nice, so I like him.[×]
◀️Because he is nice, I like him.[√]
Though/Although/Even if/Even though…but… [×]
Though/Although/Even if/Even though he is nice, but I don’t like
◀️Though/Although/Even if/Even though he is nice, I don’t like
- If/Once/As soon as/Unless/When + 以往时/今后做到时,
When I will be rich, I will buy a car.[×]
◀️When I am rich, I will buy a car.[√]
As soon as I will have done it, I will let you know.[×]
◀️As soon as I have done it, I will let you know.[√]
- 常用词语however, nevertheless
◀️He is nice, but I don’t like him
◀️He is nice, however, I don’t like him.
- therefore/thus 因此
◀️He is kind, so I like him.
◀️He is kind. Thus I like him.
◀️He is kind. Therefore, I like him.
Part 3 关系词
He is trash~he is good for nothing.
He is a good student who studies hard.[√]
He is a man whom I want to work.[×]
◀️He is a man for whom I want to work.[√]
work for 为…工作
◀️I like the girl who/that sits here.[√]
I like the girl, that comes here everyday.[×]
◀️I like the girl, who comes here everyone.[√]
This is the knife with that he killed Mary.[×]
◀️This is the knife with which he killed Mary.[√]
The first man who comes here was Li.[×]
◀️The first man that comes here was Li.[√]
- 最高级之后/all 之后
He is the best student who I have ever met.[×]
◀️He is the **best ** student that I have ever met.[√]
whose + n = the + n + of which/whom = of which + the + n
◀️I like playing with Li, whose parents are very kind.
◀️I like playing with Li, the parents of whom are vey kind.
◀️I like playing with Li, of whom the parents are vey kind.
It is his hobby~taking pictures.
Section 3. 事关副词
where = in which, on which, at which
◀️This is the city where I met Mary.
when = in which, on which, at which
◀️He came on Friday, when it was raining very heavy.
why = for which
◀️I don’t know the reason why he cried.
how = in which
◀️That is the way how he treated the others.
2.冒号（：）用来接二连三句子以强调前边句中的名词Hehas made his goal
known:he wants to be a scientist.
◀️I have more money than you.[先行词：money]
◀️He has as much money as I (do).[先行词：money]
◀️There is nothing but he knows. [先行词：nothing]
- such + n + as 和…如此的…
◀️He is such an honest[n] man as you/you described[vt].
the same + n + as 和…一样
◀️The sun has the same shape as the circle.
as + adj + n + as 和…一样
◀️I want to study as hard as you.[本人想和你学习一样朴素]
- so…that… 如此…以至..[so后面接adj形容词]
◀️He is so clever a boy that he can get good grades.
◀️He is such a clever boy that he can get good grades.
◀️He is as clever as you.
◀️He is too old to do the housework.
◀️How great the man it is.[倒装]
part 4 非谓语动词
He enjoys dancing;swiming;jogging.
Part 5 助动词和易用错的动词
Part 6 时态和语态
Part 7 虚拟语气
He and i enjoy singing.
Part 8 副词
Is she sad or happy?
He doesn’t like her but hates her
I came tosee him and to tell him the truth.
Does he work in shanghai or in beijing.
He woks hard ,andhis father is proud of him.
Hedoesn’t stuty,buthis teacher likes him.
Did he fail because he was lazy or because he was careless?
I like john,who is easy to get along with but whose brother is too
arrogant to associate with.（对等的定语从句，分别由who和whose教导的）
Not only…but also…（不但……而且……）
Both Peter and Mary work hard.
He is not kind but cruel.
He will either leave or stay.
He went to the United States not only to learn English but (also) to
know more about American cultrue.
He succeeded both because of his intelligence and because of his hard
He succeeded both because he was intelligent and because he worked hard.
Not only can she sing,but she can (also)dance.
3.as well as与rather than作并列连词可总是对等单词、短语、句子。
As well as…（以及……）
We as well as john like it.
He is happy rather than sad.
He is interesting un music as well as in painting
He failed because he was lazy rather than because he was not
He as well as I is interested in music.=he no less than I is interested
in music.=he together with me is interested in music.=he along with me
is interested in music.
上句中，由于as well as与no less
than为并列连词故之后用主格形态I与He对等，而along with 和together
He rather than I is interested in music.=He instead of me is interested
in music.=He,not,I,is interested in music.rather
①be动词与主语倒装：Not only is he clever,but he is polite.
Not only can she sing,but she can dance.
Not only does she sing well,but she also dances beautifully.
He isinterested not only in music but(also)in art.
Not only can she sing,but she can (also)dance.=Not only can she sing,but
she can dance as well.
Not only…but also…=not just…but also…=not merely…but also….
Because he is nice,i like him.=I like him because he is nice.
Though he did poorly on the test,his father didn’t scold him.=His father
didn’t scold him though he did poorly on the test.
As soon as he heard the news,he cried.=He cried as soon as he heard the
He is nice;however,I don’t like him.=He is nice,but I don’t like him.=He
is nice.However,I don’t like him.
He is nice;nevertheless,I don’t like him=He is nice.nevertheless,i don’t
like him.=He is nice,but i don’t like him.
He is nice;I,however,don’t like him.=He is nice.I,however,don’t like
him.=He is nice;however,i don’t like him.
B)therefore,thus（因此）~有连词so的意趣味she is kind;terefore,we all
like her.=She is kind,so we all like her.=She is kind.Therefore,we all
is kind;thus we all like her=She is kind.Thus we all like her.=She is
kind,so we all like her.
C)moreover,furthermore,in addition（此外）~有and 的意味She dances
well;moreover,she is good at singing.=She dances well.Moreover,she is
good at singing.=She dances well,and she is good at singing.
She dances well;furthermore,she is good at singing.=She dances
well.Furthermore,she is good at singing.=She dances well,and she is good
She dances well;in addition,she is good at singing.=She dances well.In
addition,she is good at singing.=She dances,and she is good at singing.
I don’t hink I will go to the movies with you,John.I’mtired;besides,I
have no money.
While i was writing the letter,she was washing those dishes.
He is nice,while his brother is bad.
4.任何重要副词连词：as,since.where.in that,so that,excect that等：
As I was young,I was quite happy.
Though he is rich.he isn’t happy→Rich ashe is,he isn’t happy.=As rich as
he is,he isn’t happy.
As he has apologized to me,I am going to forgive him=Because he has
apologized to me,I ‘m going to forgive him.
4.2.where=in the place where=in the place in which
Where i live,people are very kind.=In the place where i live,people are
Once you heard any news,let me know=As soon as you heard any news,let me
You must work hard,or I’llfire you.=You must work hard;otherwise I’ll
Shecan’tsing,nor can she dance.
4.5.so that（那样的话；以便）指导的从句中应当助动词may can will等。
I got up early so that i could get to school on time.=I got up early in
order that I could get to school on time.
He is so nice that we all like him.
4.7.in that（因为）也就是because,但in that 指导的从句置于主句之后。
He is talented in that he speaks five different languages.
She is nice except that she is a little shy.
Since you’finished your work,you may leave
He has been studying hard since he went to college.
He has a car which was made in germany.
The house i which we live is very large.
He is a manwith whom i enjoy working.=He is a man whom i enjoy working
with.=He is a man i enjoy working with.
The house in which we live is very large.=The house(which) we live in is
Pay attention to
scored wuite high marks on the exam,which somewhat
mokes three packs of cigaretes a day,whichdefinitely does
harm to his health.
本例中whixh代替smoke three packs of cigaretes a day这件事。
Here come my father,who is an english teacher.
This is the boy( whom)i saw yesterday.
I enjoy reading the book (which)ibought yesterday.
Gambling is thelast thing that i would do.（赌博是自家最不愿作的事）
He is the first man that came up with such an
The most beautoful scene that i’ve ever seen is GuiLin.
He is the very man that i saw yesterday.（他正是那多少个笔者明日看来的人）
All（ that ）he said is true.
He is th only friend that i have.
He works hard,which is a fact that is known to us.
He is not the man that he once was.
Look at the boy and the dog that are coming this way.
例：The girl who danced here yesterday is my sister→The gir dancing here
yesterday is my sister.
Who is the boy that is standing over there?→Who is th boy that
(being)standing over there.
I like the car which is parked in front of the post office.→I like the
car (being) parked in front of the post office.
Imet John,who is a good friend of mine.→I met John,a good friend of
mine.=I met a good friend of mine,John.
He is the man who i think never break his word.
He is the man whom i believe i met yesterday.
He is a man whom i think to be nice.
He has no house in which he can live.→He has no house in which to live.
Lend me your pen in which i can write my address→Lend me your pen in
which to write my address.
She has an uncle,whose name is Peter.
I like that house,whose location looks good to me.
3.whose可代人，也可代物。代物时“whose+n.”=“天the +n.+of which”=“哦of
I like to study in this school,whose facuty and facilities are top-
notch.=I like to study in this school,of which the faculty and
facilities are top-notch.=I like to study in this school,the faculty and
facilities of which are top-notch.
When=(inwhich,on which,at which);
Where=(in which,onwhich,at which);
Idon’t know the reason why she cried.=I don’t know the reason for which
That’s the way he handle the problem.=that’s how he handle the problem.
That’s the place where he was born.=that is where he was born.
That is the reason why he left.=that is why he left.
That ‘s how he did it=that is the way he did it.
Where可作副词连词，等于 in the place where
Put it where you found it.=Put it in the place ehere you found it.
Where there is smoke,there is fire.
代人：whomever=anybody whom,whoever=anybody who（凡……的人）
代物：what=the thing which（所……的东西）
should be punished.
Who makes such a mistake.然后将此句置于anybody之后，即成：Anybody who
makes such a mistake should be punished.=Whoever makes such a mistake
should be punished.
用anybody作宾语造个句子I hate anybody.
用who作主语造个定语从句who tells lies.将其置于anybody之后I hate anybody
who tells lies=I hate whoever tells
Give it to anybody whom you like.=Give it to whomever you like.
There are many books.you may take whichever you like.
The things which bothers me is that i have no time=what bothers me is
that i have no time.
Whatever he said is true.=Anything which he said is true.
I am interested in whatever he is doing=I am interested in anything that
he is doing.
3.whoever及whatever也可作副词连词此时，whoever=no matter who（无论什么人）
Whatever=no matter what（不论什么）
Whatever he says,I don’t believe him.=No matter he says,I don’t believe
Whoever does it,he should finish it by ten.
例如：he is nice→no matter how he is nice→no matter how nice he is,i
don’t like him→however nice he is,i don’t like him.
Whether he is rich(or not),aJane will marry him.
I have more money than is needed.
More guests than invited came.
①I don’t like a man as tells lies.=I don’t like a man as the man who
②I respected such an honest man asyou described.=I respected such an
honest man as the man whom you described.
③In our company there is not such a man as 戴维(is)=In our company
there is not such a man as the man that 戴维is(that作be的表语，表人的地位）such a lazy student as Jomhn(is)will get
nowhere.=Such a lazy student as the student that John( is )will get
④The same book as is laid on the desk.=The same book as the book which
is laid on the desk.
⑤I have the same dictionary as you bought yesterday.=I have the same
dictionary as the dictionary (which) you bought yesterday.
⑥I have the same dictionary as this one(is)=I have the same dictionary
as the dictionary whatthis one (is).关系代词that作be动词的表语。
⑦He is as diligent a man as ever lived=He is as diligent man as the man
who ever lived.
as（和……相同的……）指两人或物th same that……指同一个人或物。
I have the same book as he is reading（两本书）.
I borrowed the same book that he borrowed last week.（同一本书）
He is nice,which is known to us.=he is nice,as is known to us.
He is nice,which was mentioned before=He is nice,as mentioned before.
再者He was drunk,as usual.=He was drunk,as is usual with him.He was
drunk,which is usual with him.
His condition are as follows.
He listed the names as
There is no one who is not interested in it=There is no one but is
interested in it.
There is nothing which he is not fond of.=There is nothing but he is
There is no book which he doesn’t like to read.=There is no book but he
likes to read.
There is nothing that he can’t do.=There is nothing but he do.
There was no one whom he didn’t hate.=There wss no one whom but he