毫不看字幕真是听力来做

本篇写什么运用斯拉维尼亚语学习方法,女皇演讲的发声优雅、用词精准、语法三种又简单,对四陆级、雅思、托福和GRE考试来说是很上档次的材质,对自学波兰语的人也是能提升听闻读写能力的学习材料。提议在听第二回或阅读本文在此之前,不要看字幕真是听力来做,能够关闭显示器也许用纸挡住下方,做听写效果更佳。诚实听,不含糖;不看字幕,医疗效果好。

The full transcript of the Queen’s Christmas message for 2017

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女帝1柒年圣诞解说摄像(中国和英国对照字幕):https://v.qq.com/x/page/g0524os3rap.html

越多内容关心微信公众号:LearnAndRecord

Sixty years ago today, a young woman spoke about the speed of
technological change as she presented the first television broadcast of
its kind. She described the moment as a landmark.

Sixty years ago today, a young woman spoke about the speed of
technological change as she presented the first television broadcast of
its kind. She described the moment as a landmark.

【Sixty years ago today】陆十年前的今日,那些today用在此地你想到了么?

QUEEN (in archival footage): Television has made it possible for many of
you to see me in your homes on Christmas Day. My own family often gather
round to watch television, as they are at this moment. And that is how I
imagine you now.

【发音——停顿和重读】第3句是as指点的日子状语从句,主句在前从句在后,停顿用//表示,重读用加粗表示:Sixty
years ago today, a young woman // spoke about the speed of
technological change //as she presented the first television
broadcast of its kind.

Six decades on, the presenter has evolved somewhat, as has the
technology she described. Back then, who could have imagined that people
would one day be watching this on laptops and mobile phones, as some of
you are today?

专注从句和主句之间有暂停,停顿在教导从句的连日词前,连接词as被弱读;主句的主语和动词之间有抛锚,那是由于节奏的设想,两个停顿之间的时间长度要主导相当。

But I’m also struck by something that hasn’t changed – that whatever the
technology, many of you will be watching this at home.

重读单词的重读音节发音应当饱满足够,尤其是重读音节里的元音(例如spoke的o、change的a和first的ir),意思就是口型做到位、比别的时间长,但不要过于夸大其辞,会导致戏剧功效依然变成滑稽的模仿。

We think of our homes as places of warmth, familiarity and love – of
shared stories and memories – which is perhaps why, at this time of
year, so many return to where they grew up. There is a timeless
simplicity to the pull of home. For many, the idea of home reaches
beyond a physical building, to a home town or city.

QUEEN (in archival footage): Television has made it possible for many
of you to see me in your homes on Christmas Day. My own family often
gather round to watch television, as they are at this moment. And that
is how I imagine you now.

This Christmas, I think of London and Manchester, whose powerful
identities shone through over the past 12 months, in the face of
appalling attacks. In Manchester, those targeted included children who
had gone to see their favourite singer.

【发音——八卦】在此之前看过斟酌,不仅是大不列颠及英格兰联合王国万众的英音,女帝的Received
Pronunciation也是随着时间有所改变的。看看60年前的话音和当今的相比较,能感觉到有如何变化呢?但是女皇的优雅和皇帝气度1如往昔。那份优雅淡定,除了行动和经历之外,还经过稳定、较为迟缓的语速以及和平不惊的语调展示出来。

A few days after the bombing, I had the privilege of meeting some of the
young survivors and their parents.

【发音——连读】as they are at this moment
第二个词词尾境遇第3个词词头要错过爆破,s只保留口型不送气,急速衔接到th的音;然后they
are
连读,微微停顿。at的a和日前的r有弱读或连读、t遭逢the失去爆破,全部上at应快捷到位r-a-the的滑行。

I described that hospital visit as a privilege because the patients I
met were an example to us all, showing extraordinary bravery and
resilience. Indeed, many of those who survived the attack came together
just days later for a benefit concert. It was a powerful reclaiming of
the ground and of the city those young people call home.

这有个其他读音有点神秘,可以多听几回,慢慢商量;或许至少能记住模糊的音,在听力能够分析清楚。留个小标题:试着判断一下gather
round to watch television 的发音技巧有什么样?

We expect our homes to be a place of safety – sanctuary, even – which
makes it all the more shocking when the comfort they provide is
shattered. A few weeks ago, the Prince of Wales visited the Caribbean in
the aftermath of hurricanes that destroyed entire communities.

Six decades on, the presenter has evolved somewhat, as has the
technology she described. Back then, who could have imagined that people
would one day be watching this on laptops and mobile phones, as some of
you are today?

And here, in London, who can forget the sheer awfulness of the Grenfell
Tower fire? Our thoughts and prayers are with all those who died and
those who lost so much, and we are indebted to members of the emergency
services who risked their own lives this past year, saving others.

【写作——呼应】Six decades on须要与日前第三段起初的Sixty years ago
today陆10年前的今日联系起来,使用了允许替换,相似构成在剧情有对应相比较,同时排比的句式和Six-头韵法听起来有点子韵律美。类似用法还有technology和
describe。

Many of them, of course, will not be at home today, because they are
working to protect us. Reflecting on these events makes me grateful for
the blessings of home and family and, in particular, for 70 years of
marriage. I don’t know that anyone had invented the term ‘platinum’ for
a 70th wedding anniversary. When I was born, you weren’t expected to be
around that long.

But I’m also struck by something that hasn’t changed – that whatever
the technology, many of you will be watching this at home.

Even Prince Philip has decided it’s time to slow down a little, having,
as he economically put it, done his bit. But I know his support and
unique sense of humour will remain as strong as ever as we enjoy
spending time this Christmas with our family, and look forward to
welcoming new members into it next year.

【写作——相比较】前文中的科技(science and technology)转移:从广播进化到电视,又发展到移动端。但不变的是全人类一定的核心和心的归宿——家,自然引出宗旨。

In 2018, I will open my home to a different type of family, the leaders
of the 52 nations of the Commonwealth, as they gather in the UK for a
summit.

牵连方面两段,evolve VS not changed;technology(physical) VS home
(mental),用意义上的相比较,即时光流逝家庭固定引出主题,同时用短语并列呼应前面,句式上也充足变化,用问句引起思索,大旨部分使用贰个名词性从句嵌套,在从句部分将主导新闻传送出去,相比起用I’m
also struck that whatever the technology many of you will be watching
this at home hasn’t changed ,重心前置特别简洁有力。

The Commonwealth has an inspiring way of bringing people together, be it
through the Commonwealth Games, which begin in a few months’ time on
Australia’s Gold Coast, or through bodies like the Commonwealth Youth
Orchestra and Choir – a reminder of how truly vibrant this international
family is.

(1分54秒)We think of our homes as places of warmth, familiarity and
love – of shared stories and memories – which is perhaps why, at this
time of year, so many return to where they grew up. There is a timeless
simplicity to the pull of home. For many, the idea of home reaches
beyond a physical building, to a home town or city.

Today, we celebrate Christmas, which, itself, is sometimes described as
a festival of the home. Families travel long distances to be together.

【雅思备考写作口语素材】那段用到口语第3有个别”描述新禧(回家度岁习俗)””描述活动(回家团圆)””描述家庭””描述建筑(家)””印象深刻的事(离家很久再回乡)”等话题妥妥的。Home还能替换到Friends、relatives甚至祖国。发音、用词和语法多优良啊。

Volunteers and charities, as well as many churches, arrange meals for
the homeless and those who would otherwise be alone on Christmas Day. We
remember the birth of Jesus Christ, whose only sanctuary was a stable in
Bethlehem. He knew rejection, hardship and persecution.

【语法——长难句】We think of our homes as places of warmth, familiarity
and love – of shared stories and memories – which is perhaps why, at
this time of year, so many return to where they grew
up.二个长难句该怎么分析和清楚?

And, yet, it is Jesus Christ’s generous love and example which has
inspired me through good times and bad. Whatever your own experience is
this year, wherever and however you are watching, I wish you a peaceful
and very happy Christmas.

先把插入语at this time of year, 和 – of shared stories and memories
-去除。句子变成We think of our homes as places of warmth, familiarity
and love which is perhaps why so many return to where they grew up.

解析嵌套的从句壹:This(which)is perhaps why so many return to
前边是主句,后边是where引导的宾语从句,表地方where they grew up.

分析嵌套的从句二:This(which)is perhaps
后面是主句,前边是why携带的名词性从句,表原因why so many return home(to
where they grew up).

再来分析从句:We think of our homes as places of warmth, familiarity and
love 前边是主句,前面是which指引的定语从句,修饰整个句子 which is
perhaps why so many return to where they grew up.

故而任何句子主干能够改为大家熟识的榜样:Our homes are places of warmth,
familiarity and love, so we return
home.注意那句里的so是指点原因状语从句的连词,而原句中的so是so
many的一有的,不负担语法结构上连词的剧中人物,而是作为副词修饰many,表示”很、11分”。

剖析长难句,先把插入语和不影响精通的梳洗部分忽略不看;再把教导从句的指导词找到,从而稳定主句;固然有看不出来对何人嵌套的从句,就按梯次一难得地来剥析出从句是主句的哪位语法成分。

【语法——to的使用】There is a timeless simplicity to the pull of
home.那句结构不难,但本人理解的时候依旧觉得好难。首先,simplicity的烘托是of,怎么会用to呢?查了字典,to做介词有16个义项(详情参阅
),当中小编认为相比较客观的解释,是to能够表原因,即used to indicate the
thing that causes something to happen,例句她老母因癌症过世She lost her
mother to cancer. [=her mother died of cancer]。

那样的话,句子能够转化成there is a timeless simple reason for the pull
of home 大概 Home attracts people because of a simple and timeless
reason.翻译成人中学文正是家有很强的引力的缘由非常粗大略却亘古不变。那么些不难的因由正是上一句:家有回想和爱,所以人们原意回家。

(2分12秒)For many, the idea of “home” reaches beyond a physical
building to a home town or city. This Christmas, I think of London and
Manchester, whose powerful identities shone through over the past twelve
months in the face of appalling attacks.

【写作——衔接】For many, the idea of “home” reaches beyond a physical
building to a home town or city.
上文讲的是人人回家这么些大旨,那句话将定义从切实的大楼、血缘家庭扩张到乡里和市镇,接下去正是首要讲述后者的情节了。

the idea of A reaches beyond a physical XX to
XXX(能够直译为A的概念不仅包罗XX还包蕴XXX)在句式上也是二个神来之笔,能够灵活应用于抽象概念的座谈,比如亲情不仅仅是血统纽带更是照顾平常生活和关注爱护;中中原人民共和国人爱国不仅是国籍承认更包含对民族的热爱,等等。

【发音——重读】这句话里,home前后出现了五遍,有三个纤维相比较,由此在语音层面,女帝将第二个home
是句子重读,因为它是句子主干的基本;第一个home位于to引导的宾语部分,就算也是句子重读,但要比第二个轻快一些,强调品位没有第三个重。

【语法——through】powerful identities shone through over the past twelve
months里面的through是介词么?查了下《北卡罗来纳教堂山分校搭配词典》,并从未shine
through的选配。因而through在那里是副词,表示2个移动、1段时间或贰个现象的从头到尾from
the beginning to the end of an activity, a situation or a period of
time,例句壹 The children are too young to sit through a concert.
孩子们还小,不可能百折不挠听完音乐会;例句二 He will not live through the
night. 他活但是今早。例句三 I’m halfway through (= reading) her second
novel. 作者把她第三部随笔读了大体上。

除此以外,through 还有多少个有趣的用法:

Her knees had gone through (= made holes in) her jeans.
裤子膝盖处磨破了;The sand ran through (= between) my fingers.
沙子从指间落下;那五个句子里,though作from one end or side of
something/somebody to the other。

He drove through a red light (= passed it when he should have stopped).
他开车闯红灯;I’d never have got through it all (= a difficult
situation) without you.
如若未有您,小编必然挺但是去。那两句里through作past a barrier, stage or
test。

It was through him (= as a result of his help) that I got the job.
正是因为他的赞助作者才找到工作。Through作by means of; because of。

【发音——停顿】This Christmas, I think of London and Manchester, whose
powerful identities shone through // over the past twelve months // in
the face of appalling attacks.
这句话的刹车//充足呈现了按意群划分的风味,在那句里正是依照句子成分走的。同时,为啥在讲到through的意思时先查搭配,只查shine
through 却不查shine over?因为句子停顿已经丰盛表达shine 和over
分属八个意群。借使是同1个动词词组的动词和介词,是不会有诸如此类大的间歇的。

In Manchester, those targeted included children who had gone to see
their favorite singer. A few days after the bombing, I had the privilege
of meeting some of the young survivors and their parents.

【语法——the+adj】those
targeted直译是被恐怖分子当做目的的芸芸众生,能够翻译为受害者。 “the +
形容词”能够表示1类人,在平等替换的时候特意好用,比如the
elderly老年人、the disabled残疾人、the
vulnerable弱势群体、不难境遇伤害的人(日常指小孩子妇女)等等。

【写作——pathos】古希腊共和国(The Republic of Greece)修辞学认为合格的发言(可能写作)必须具备ethos,
pathos和
logos三个成分。Ethos是指可信赖度,也便是说阐述者或是作者必须求让本人显得可靠。Pathos指的是心情,相当于说小编或是解说者通过煽动受众心情来达到演说的目的。Logos和pathos相对,指的是行使完全的逻辑来说服观者。

小孩子、偶像的演唱会 VS 恐怖袭击、目标,弱儿童气与强大邪恶的对照有声有色,观者的保养同情和愤慨壹起上涌,不得不说
pathos的运用很成功。

【写作——同义替换】塞尔维亚共和国语语言与中文的不一致点之一就是英文使用丰硕二种的方式,从各类角度描述同多少个概念,比如those
targeted = children = the young sur一加rs。

(3分18秒)I describe that hospital visit as a “privilege” because the
patients I met were an example to us all, showing extraordinary bravery
and resilience. Indeed, many of those who survived the attack came
together just days later for a benefit concert. It was a powerful
reclaiming of the ground, and of the city those young people call
home.

【语法——非谓语动词】the patients I met were an example to us all,
showing extraordinary bravery and resilience.

showing 部分是现行反革命分词做非谓语,修饰的是句子的主语parents
而不是离它近来的us all。还原成句子应该是The patients who (the patients)
show extraordinary bravery and resilience were an example to us all.
或然Because the patients showed extraordinary bravery and resilience,
they (the patients) were an example to us all.

【词汇——resilience】 resilience 是抽象名词,不可数,意思是The capacity
to recover quickly from difficulties; toughness.
从困难困境中神速复苏的能力;The ability of a substance or object to
spring back into shape;
elasticity.物质或物体恢复生机形状和弹性的性子。常见搭配是:resilience noun

ADJ. great, remarkable | natural

VERB + RESILIENCE have | demonstrate, show

PREP. ~ to She has shown great resilience to stress.

PHRASES strength and resilience

【写作——呼应】结尾It was a powerful reclaiming of the ground, and of the
city those young people call home. 将本段主人公的young people
和本篇宗旨home(家园、城市和市集)再一次联系,强调对于攻击家庭之人的刚毅对抗、对于家中的看护和不足错过。

We expect our homes to be a place of safety — “sanctuary” even — which
makes it all the more shocking when the comfort they provide is
shattered. A few weeks ago, The Prince of Wales visited the Caribbean in
the aftermath of hurricanes that destroyed entire communities. And here
in London, who can forget the sheer awfulness of the Grenfell Tower
fire?

【写作——相比较】假如说上①段的attack是人祸,那么那1段讲的是天灾:飓风hurricane
和火灾fire。段首句将悲惨与家园联系在壹块儿,即家庭提供安全,不可抗拒的自然灾祸让我们错过家庭,家园覆灭的伤痛越来越深。

Our thoughts and prayers are with all those who died and those who
lost so much; and we are indebted to members of the emergency services
who risked their own lives, this past year, saving others. Many of them,
of course, will not be at home today because they are working, to
protect us.

【写作——衔接】仔细分析承接:段首句的前半句附和上文的受灾和受害者遭到灭顶之灾、失去家庭的惨痛,以”大家(的怀恋和祈愿)”为总是,在下半句谈起新内容emergency
services 紧迫抢救职员。在第1句将emergency
services与家中沟通:在节日团圆却不能够回小家,因为在爱抚我们。

【词汇——indebted】 indebted 形容词,意思是Owing gratitude for a service
or favour. 感谢的。常用搭配be indebted to sb for sth,例句I am indebted
to her for her help in indexing my book.。

【词汇——risk】risk能够做名词”风险”,也得以做动词”冒险”,作动词时是及物动词。前面必然要跟名词或然非谓语充当宾语成分。例句he
risked his life to save his dog. 和coal producers must sharpen up or
risk losing half their business.

Risk还有1个衍生义: Incur the chance of unfortunate consequences by
engaging in (an action)
由于插手(行动)而发出不幸后果的大概。例句Shelley was far too
intelligent to risk attempting to deceive him.
谢利很聪慧,(大家)不能够冒险欺诈她。

Reflecting on these events makes me grateful for the blessings of home
and family, and in particular for 70 years of marriage. I don’t know
that anyone had invented the term “platinum” for a 70th wedding
anniversary when I was born. You weren’t expected to be around that
long. Even Prince Philip has decided it’s time to slow down a little —
having, as he economically put it, “done his bit”.

But I know his support and unique sense of humor will remain as strong
as ever, as we enjoy spending time this Christmas with our family and
look forward to welcoming new members into it next year.

【语法——宾语并列】第一句用非谓语+make sb ad j句式,grateful for
前面跟了三个宾语:grateful for the blessings of home and family, and for
70 years of marriage in particular.
注意五个宾语并列的动静,供给将介词写四遍,每一个宾语前都要有。假若是三个从句并列做宾语(即选用宾语从句),那么引导第1个宾语从句的连词that不可省去。

【写作——衔接】首句整个句子的重点在grateful,用第叁个宾语来承载上文”blessings
of home and
family守护家庭”,第三个宾语用于开启下文”marriage婚姻”。用3个大概句,in
particular 卓越重点在后,过渡简洁有力。

【词汇——anniversary】请阅读上边包车型大巴文字后尝试造句:二〇一八年三月228日,女帝庆祝结婚71周年。

从构词法来看,annus 代表年’year’ + versus代表回 ‘turning’,因而:

Anniversary, noun, a date that is an exact number of years after the
date of an important or special event
名词,重要或特种活动的周年、纪念日。

1 of an important event 重要活动

ADJ. first, second, etc. 一周年,两周年

VERB + ANNIVERSARY celebrate, commemorate, mark They held celebrations
to mark the anniversary of Mozart’s death. 纪念X周年

ANNIVEEvoqueSA宝马7系Y + VERB be, fall The anniversary of the founding of the
charity falls on 1二th November. 周年运动在(日期)进行

PREP. on an/the ~ on the 20th anniversary of his death在X周年运动上

贰 of a wedding 成婚回顾日

ADJ. first, second, etc. | wedding

VERB + ANNIVE哈弗SA奥迪Q5Y celebrate 庆祝结婚回忆日

PREP. on sb’s ~ He bought her a diamond ring on their tenth wedding
anniversary.

PHRASES a diamond, golden, silver, etc. wedding anniversary
钻石婚、金婚、银婚

【常见搭配——as sb puts
it】那是叁个很曼妙的抒发,前边接一个逗号再接原话(相当于平素引语)as作连词,put
是动词,要依据sb举行主谓一致的形制变化,it指代背后的第叁手引语。那么,为何最初的小说是”as
he put
it”?原著在这之中he做主语,1般未来时要改成puts,但句子全体是过去时态,所以put的过去式还是put。

In 2018 I will open my home to a different type of family: the leaders
of the fifty-two nations of the Commonwealth, as they gather in the UK
for a summit. The Commonwealth has an inspiring way of bringing people
together, be it through the Commonwealth Games — which begin in a few
months’ time on Australia’s Gold Coast — or through bodies like the
Commonwealth Youth Orchestra & Choir: a reminder of how truly vibrant
this international family is.

二零一八年,笔者将敞开家门迎接一批特殊的亲朋好友:五十一个联邦国的带头人将前来United Kingdom参与高峰会议。英联邦总是以一种鼓舞人心的办法将人们聚在1起,无论是像多少个月后将在澳大瓦尔帕莱索(Australia)黄金海岸实行的联邦国运动会,还是像英联邦青年管弦乐团和合唱团那样的团体,这么些都提示着我们,这一个国际我们庭是何等富有活力与活力。

【语法——be it无论】句中的be it是一种象征迁就的杜撰倒装结构,由be
引起的倒装句表示迁就,be it = whether it + be = no matter
if/whether的现实性时态情势 约等于一个妥洽状语从句。Be it
句式带有虚拟语气的结构特征,即 be
用原形,但表示的不是借使,而是语气的抓牢。主语能够是it,也得以是其余人称。它既可放在句首,也可放在句末或穿插句中。那是一种未来选取频率较低且略带艺术学表示的习惯用法,出现刘恒式的封皮语中。

越多例句:

劝大龄单身可以如此说:你要想成婚别太挑,抓住蒙受的每三个,管他是穷是挫。

You should not nitpick potential men on the first acquaintance, be he
poor or ugly.

老大单身反驳能够这么说:成婚了也或者离婚,别管老公是丑是帅。

Spouses may still end up with divorce, be husband ugly or handsome.

Today we celebrate Christmas, which itself is sometimes described as a
festival of the home. Families travel long distances to be together.
Volunteers and charities, as well as many churches, arrange meals for
the homeless and those who would otherwise be alone on Christmas Day.

We remember the birth of Jesus Christ whose only sanctuary was a
stable in Bethlehem. He knew rejection, hardship and persecution; and
yet it is Jesus Christ’s generous love and example which has inspired me
through good times and bad.

【写作——句式和例证】句中rejection, hardship and persecution
五个抽象名词并列,程度逐年强化。

He knew rejection, hardship and persecution.
他遭遇过排挤,经历过酸楚与侵害。这句话用逗号分隔,前后两有的对仗整齐:音节数相同,重音节奏也相似,两局地都是元音开头he和Har、辅音结尾-tion。

inspired me through good times and
bad.激励着自身度过人生的起起落落。一句很经典的大面积搭配,能够背下来。别的例子有查理狄更斯的小说《勤奋岁月Hard
times》,还有《双城记》的家弦户诵先导:It was the best of times, it was the
worst of times. 那是最坏的一代,也是最棒的1世。

Whatever your own experiences this year; wherever and however you are
watching, I wish you a peaceful and very happy Christmas.

【妥协状语从句】whatever= no matter what;wherever=no matter
where,however不是表转折的”然而”,是no matter
how;表示”不论、固然”。不论今年经历什么,不论身处何方,不论用什么样办法来看。

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